Ocimum basilicum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Ocimum basilicum L.
  • Common Name : Damro, Sweet Basil, Ram Tulsi
  • Plant Family : Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
  • According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Labiatae became Lamiaceae. However, the name Labiatae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 5, 9, 15, 17, 28-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Ocimum basilicum Plant :

  • Habit : A small herb, much branched with square stem, purple, hairy.
  • Leaves : Opposite, ovate acute gland-dotted.
  • Inflorescence : Verticillaster
  • Flowers :
    • 6 flower whorls, bracteates, bracts stalked, ovate, hairy.
    • Calyx bilabiate, hairy.
    • Corolla bilabiate, pink or purple with long white hairs.
    • Stamens 4, didynamous.
    • Ovary bicarpellary, 4-celled, deeply 4-lobed, style gynobasic, stigma bifid.
  • Fruit : Nutlets 4 with persistent calyx.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - November
  • Significance :
    • It is commonly cultivated in the gardens by the malis and extensively used by them in garlands, etc.
    • The seeds are very mucilaginous and cooling used in chronic dysentery, diarrhea, gonorrhea and to prepare Faluda.