Lepidagathis cuspidata

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Lepidagathis cuspidata Nees
  • Synonyms : Ruellia cuspidata Wall.
  • Common Name : Spiny Lepidagathis
  • Plant Family : Acanthaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 8
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Lepidagathis cuspidata Plant :

  • Habit : An erect undershrub with stems glabrous or pubescent towards the apex.
  • Leaves : On the main stem, large, lanceolate, acute or acuminate at apex, cuneate and decurrent into the long petiole to nearly its base, muticous, leaves of the branches much smaller, almost linear, mucronate softly pubescent, spinous-pointed.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal spikes, variable in size and shape, sometimes dense, lax with the flowers in distinct opposite pairs.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracteate, bracts ovate, cuspidate, 3-nerved, glandular-pubescent and sharply spinous pointed, bracteoles 1-nerved, lanceolate, spinous-pointed.
    • Calyx 5-partite, glandular-hairy.
    • Corolla while purplish spots, ovate, acute, tube short, slightly villous within.
    • Filaments glabrous anther-cells bearded at different levels.
    • Ovary glabrous, styles pubescent.
  • Fruit :
    • Caspsules long, acute, glabrous, 4-seeded, 2-valves, tip not subsolid.
    • Seeds compressed, hygroscopically hairy especially on the margins.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : October-March