Leaves : 4-8 inches long, decussate, obovate or elliptic-oblong, shortly acute, subsessile, cordate or often amplexical at the base.
Inflorescence : Umbellate cymes.
Large, white, not scented, peduncles arising between the petioles.
Flower-buds ovoid, angled, Calyx lobes 5, divided to the base, white, ovate; corolla broadly rotate, valvate, lobes 5, deltoid ovate, reflexed, coronate-appendages broad, obtusely 2-auricled below the rounded apex which is lower than the staminal-column.
Stamens 5, anthers short with membranous appendages, inflexed over the depressed apex of the pentagonal stigma.
Pollinium one in each cell, pendulous caudicles slender.
Carpels 2 distinct, styles 2, united to the single pentagular stigma, ovary 2-celled, ovules many.
Fruit : A pair of follicles with many, hairy seeds.
Flowering and Fruiting Time : November-April
Common as weed in waste lands.
The root, bark and milk used in medicine for the treatment of dysentery cutaneous affections.
The leaves are applied on paralysed parts, painful joints.