Santalum album

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Santalum album L.
  • Common Name : Chandan, Sukhad, Shvet-Chandan
  • Plant Family : Santalaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 28
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra, Aranya Van

About Santalum album Plant :

  • Habit : A small evergreen glabrous tree with slender drooping branches with sap-wood white and odourless, the heart-wood yellowish brown, strongly scented.
  • Leaves : Elliptic-lanceolate, subacute glabrous, entire thin, base acute, petiolate, petioles slender.
  • Inflorescence :Terminal and axillary paniculate cymes.
  • Flowers : Brownish-purple, inodorous, perianth campanulate, limb of 4 valvet triangular-segments, stamens 4, exserted, alternating with 4 rounded obtuse scales.
  • Fruit : Drupes globose, purple-black, endocarp hard ribbed.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : March - August
  • Significance :
    • Wood ground up with water into a paste, is applied to local inflammations, to temples in fever, in skin diseases, to allay heat and pruritus.
    • It acts as diaphoretic.
    • In cases of morbid thirst wood-powder is taken in coconut water.
    • A bolus of ground sandal cheeks-hoemoptysis in mild form.
    • Essential oil from wood is used in perfumery and is a remedy as demulnent, diuretic and mild stimulant in gonorrhea and chronic cystitis.
    • Oil from the seeds is used in skin diseases.