Datura metel

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Datura metel L.
  • Common Name : Horn of Plenty, Downy Thorn Apple, Kalo Dhaturo
  • Plant Family : Solanaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 4, 5, 10-14, 16, 21-28, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Sarita Udyan, Basan

About Datura metel Plant :

  • Habit : A perennial shrub with terete, glabrous stems.
  • Leaves : Broadly triangular-ovate, truncate at base and unequal-sided, entire at the margins or irregularly dentate, covered with a fine mealy pubescence or glabrous on both sides.
  • Inflorescence : Solitary
  • Flower :
    • Showy often double or triple, one corolla issuing from another.
    • Calyx green, tubular, minutely pubescent outside, 5-toothed at the rim, the teeth triangular. Corolla pure white or more or less tinged with purple, the rim 5-toothed, ovary covered with soft prickles.
  • Fruit :
    • Globose, supported on the reflexed base of the calyx, covered with short tubercles, splitting open irregularly.
    • Seeds numerous, reniform, flat, pale-brown.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August-October
  • Significance :
    • The seeds acrid, bitter, heating, tonic, febrifuge, anthelmintic, alexiteric, emetic, useful in leucoderma, skin-diseases, ulcers, bronchitis, biliousness, jaundice, piles.
    • The whole plant is narcotic, toxic, aphrodisiac; applied topically it removes pain of tumours and piles.
    • Leaves after healing are applied locally to relieve eye pain, headache, nose-trouble, enlargement of testicles and boils.
    • Root useful in reducing inflammation.