Duranta erecta

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Duranta erecta L.
  • Synonyms : Duranta repens L., Duranta plumieri Jacq.
  • Common Name : Damyanti, Golden Dew-drops, Forget-me-Not
  • Plant Family : Verbenaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 5, 6, 8, 10-13, 15-19, 21-24, 26,27, 29, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Basan, Aranya Van

About Duranta erecta Plant :

  • Habit : A small shrub with branched tap root system.
  • Stem : Square, herbaceous but woody below, erect, branched, solid, green.
  • Leaves : Ramal and cauline, simple, opposite  decussate or whorled, petiolate, obovate, ovate or elliptic, entire, with axillary thorns and unicostate reticulate venation.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary or terminal racemes forming panicles.
  • Flowers :
    • Complete, bisexual, bracteates, bracts small at the base of the flowers, pedicellate, hypogynous, zygomorphic, pentamerous, bluish-white in colour.
    • Calyx made up of 5 sepals, gamosepalous, slightly tubular, persistent, valvate, small, teeth 5.
    • Corolla made up of 5 petals, gamopetalous, tubular with unequal lobes, three anterior lobes are larger than two posterior; quincuncial, corolla tube slightly curved, rotate, lilac or light-blue.
    • Stamens 4, polyandrous, epipetalous, didynamous, posterior stamen is absent, sagitate, dithecous, basifixed, introrse.
    • Gynoecium is tetracarpellary, syncarpous, superior, tetralocular, each locule with two ovules; axile placentation; style simple; stigma simple, bifid or 4 lobed.
  • Fruit : Drupe fleshy with enlarged calyx with four 2-chambered stones, orange.
  • Seeds : 8, obovate-oblong, smooth, glabrous.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Throughout the year.
  • Significance :
    • Commonly cultivated in the gardens and used as a border or hedge plant.
    • Fruit juice is also known to be used against mosquitoes.