Indigofera oblongifolia

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Indigofera oblongifolia Forssk.
  • Synonyms : Indigofera paucifolia Del.
  • Common Name : Jhil, Jhiladi
  • Plant Family : Papilionaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Basan

About Indigofera oblongifolia Plant :

  • Habit : An erect shrubby plant, very twiggy ashy grey all over. Branches glabrous or nearly so.
  • Leaves : Stipulate, stipules filiform persistent.Leaflets generally 3-5, but ofen 1-3-5 on one and the same plant, alternate, elliptic oblong, more or less hairy above, silvery hairy beneath.
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers small, in many-flowered axillary racemes, which are much longer than the leaves.
    • Calyx silvery outside, corolla red, about twice as long as the calyx, standard densely hairy on the back.
  • Fruit : Pods very numerous, densely silvery when young, more or less deflexed, torulose, seeds 6-8.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : September-October
  • Significance :
    • The root is medicinally used in the inflammation of the liver. The root boiled in milk is used as a purgative.
    • The leaves are used in hydrophobia.
    • An extract of the plant is given in epilepsy and other nervous disorders.