Rauvolfia serpentina

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. Ex Kurz
  • Synonyms : Ophioxylon serpentinum L.
  • Common Name : Serpentina, Sarpagandha
  • Plant Family : Apocynaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Rauvolfia serpentina Plant :

  • Habit : A small erect shrub with pale bark.
  • Leaves : In whorls of 3, thin, lanceolate, acute or acuminate, glabrous, bright green above, pale beneath, base tapering.
  • Inflorescence : Irregular corymbose cymes.
  • Flowers :
    • White, often tinged with violet, pedicellate.
    • Calyx glabrous, bright-red, lanceolate.
    • Corolla tube slender, swollen a little above the middle, elliptic-oblong, rounded at the apex.
    • Disk cup-shaped, membranous, obscurely lobed.
  • Fruit : Drupes single or didynamous and connate more or less deeply, purplish-black when ripe.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : March - May
  • Significance :
    • It is a very useful medicinal plant for lowering high blood-pressure, insomnia, melancholia and violent mental disorders.
    • The roots yield drug-the only best remedy for lowering blood pressure.