Solanum anguivi

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Solanum anguivi Lam.
  • Synonyms : Solanum indicum L.
  • Common Name : Moti-Ringani, Dorali, Vad-Ringani, Ubhi Bhoy-Ringani
  • Plant Family : Solanaceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Solanum anguivi Plant :

  • Habit : A prickly shrub or undershrub, prickles slightly recurved, thick yellow with stem prickly, often purple, densely stellate tomentose.
  • Leaves : Ovate, subentire or irregularly dentate, apex acute, base cuneate and often unequal-sided, prickly along the nerves, upper side clothed with simple and stellate hairs, stellate hairs on the lower side, petiolate, prickly hairy.
  • Inflorescence : 1-8 flowered cymes, peduncles stellate-hairy.
  • Flowers :
    • Pedicellate, stellate, hairy, prickly.
    • Calyx stellate hairy, teeth triangular corolla 10-13 mm long, purple in colour, limb 15-25 mm in diameter, stellate, tomentose outside along the midpetaline bands ovary and style stellate hairy.
  • Fruit : Globose, 7-10 mm in diameter, orange, glabrous.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - November
  • Significance :
    • Roots is carminative and expectorant, useful in coughs and catarrhal affections, dysuria and colic.
    • A decoction of root is prescribed as a tonic and is also used in difficult parturition.
    • Root is pounded and used for the treatment of nasal ulcers.
    • Roots are useful in dyspepsia and rheumatism.
    • Dry leaves are smoked to cure asthma and bronchitis. It is also useful for toothache.
    • Root is hot in nature and it cures cough, rheumatism, fevers, leucoderma, anorexia, vomiting, asthma, worms and chest diseases.