Balanites roxburghii

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Balanites roxburghii Planch
  • Synonyms : Balanites aegyptiaca var. roxburghii (Planch.) Duthie
  • Common Name : Ingoriyo, Desert Date
  • Plant Family : Zygophyllaceae
  • Earlier this plant was placed in family Simaroubaceae by Bentham and Hooker but as per modern views it should be placed in family Zygophyllaceae.

  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 25, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Aranya Van

About Balanites roxburghii Plant :

  • Habit : A 2.5-4 m, armed deciduous bushy shrub or small tree.
  • Leaves : Bifoliate, petiolate, leaflets 1-3.5 x 0.4-1.7 cm, elliptic-oblong or obovate-oblong, glaucous-green, pubescent.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary cymes.
  • Flowers : Pale-greenish-yellow, in axillary, fascicled cymes.
  • Fruit : Drupes, ovoid, yellowish-green when ripe.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : December-March; March-July.
  • Significance :
    • The fruits have been used in the treatment of liver and spleen diseases.
    • The roots are used for abdominal pains and as a purgative.
    • The fruit can cure mouth ulcer, whooping cough, sleeping sickness and skin diseases.
    • Fruit kernel has been found as a mild laxative, an antidote to arrow poison, and also acts as a vermifuge.