Bixa orellana

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Bixa orellana L.
  • Common Name : Sindoori, Lipstick tree, Annattoo
  • Plant Family : Bixaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 13
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Aranya Van

About Bixa orellana Plant :

  • Habit : A small evergreen tree.
  • Leaves : Ovate, acute or acuminate, truncate or subcordate at the base, glabrous on both surfaces, petioles 2-3 inches long.
  • Inflorescence : Panicles
  • Flowers :
    • 2 inches in diameter, in terminal panicles, pedicels pubescent.
    • Sepals 5, two smaller concave, three larger oblong or suborbicular.
    • Petals white or pink, obovate.
  • Fruit : Capsules ovoid or subglobose, clothed with long soft prickles.
  • Seed : Trigonous, rounded and grooved on the back, covered with a red pulp.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August-September
  • Significance : The pulp surrounding seeds, known in commerce as "Arnatto", is used in dyeing silk and is largely employed for giving cloths a temporary dye during certain native festivals.