Calophyllum inophyllum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Calophyllum inophyllum L.
  • Synonyms : Calophyllum bintagor Roxb.
  • Common Name : Nagchampo, Undi, Sultan Champa
  • Plant Family : Clusiaceae
  • This plant family earlier was Guttiferae.

    According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Guttiferae became Clusiaceae. However, the name Guttiferae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 18, 28
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Ayurvedic Udyan

About Calophyllum inophyllum Plant :

  • Habit : A small tree, glabrous.
  • Stem : Erect, branched, cylindrical and solid.
  • Leaves : Ramal and cauline, elliptic, apex rounded, emarginated, margins wavy.
  • Inflorescence : Racemes
  • Flowers :
    • Few flowered, white.
    • Calyx composed of 4 sepals, ovate-orbicular, concave, reflexed, hairy.
    • Corolla composed of 4 petals, oblong.
    • Androecium made up of numerous stamens in 4-6 bundles, anthers 2-celled.
    • Gynoecium composed of purple ovary, on a gynophore, 1-celled, style long, twisted, stigma mushroom-shaped.
  • Fruit : A small drupe, seed solitary.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : December - January
  • Significance :
    • The timber is used for railway sleepers and ship building.
    • Domba oil or lamp oil "Undi" is extracted from seeds and it cures and is used in gonorrhea and gleet.