Cochlospermum religiosum

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Cochlospermum religiosum (L.) Alston
  • The generic name Cochlospermum is derived from Greek words, kochlos which means 'Spiral Shell' and sperma which means seed, which refers to the shape of the seeds. The species name religiosum means 'referring to God' as the flowers are used as temple offerings.

  • Synonyms : Bombax religiosum L.
  • Common Name : Buttercup Tree, Yellow Silk Cotton Tree, Golden Silk Cotton Tree
  • Common Name Details :
  • Plant Family : Cochlospermaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Cochlospermum religiosum Plant :

  • Habit : A softwooded, deciduous tree having a stout trunk with few short, stout, crooked, spreading branches and thick fibrous, smooth, pale grey bark marked with deep furrows.
  • Leaves : Palmately divided into 3-5 lobes, borne on long petioles, dark green above and downy-white below, produced in cluster near the ends of the twigs.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal panicles.
  • Flowers : Bright yellow 5 petals, spreading with a shallow notch at the apex, surrounding a ring of numerous golden stamens which encircle the style.
  • Fruit : 5-lobed capsule, pendulous, pear-shaped, dark-brown at maturity containing a number of brown, kidney-shaped, hard seeds attached with a quantity of pure white silky floss.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : February-March
  • Significance : The plant holds an aesthetic value and thus is used mainly for plantations in the gardens and roadside.