Erythrina suberosa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Erythrina suberosa Roxb.
  • Synonyms : Erythrina maxima Wight & Arn.
  • Common Name : Corky Coral Tree, Indian Coral Tree, Pangaro
  • Plant Family : Papilionaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Erythrina suberosa Plant :

  • Habit : A small tree with very corky bark on old stems, braches armed with stout prickles, which fall off in a few years, and leave a whitish, more or less smooth bark.
  • Leaves :
    • Trifoliate, usually unarmed, occasionally with a few scattered prickles, petioles 10-20 cm long, stipules caducous.
    • Leaflets pale green or whitish, the terminal rhomboid-ovate, regular, the lateral very unequal-sided, all more or less glabrous above, downy beneath.
  • Inflorescence and Flowers :
    • Flowers in small racemes towards the end of the branches, forming a dense head, pedicels fascicled.
    • Calyx more or less pubescent, at length bilipped, corolla scarlet in colour, papilionaceous, the wings minute, falcate.
  • Fruits : Pods torulose, seeds 2-5.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : April-May
  • Significance :
    • The soft wood is used in the production of light boxes.
    • The bark is also known to be used medicinally.