Gardenia resinifera

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Gardenia resinifera Roth
  • Synonyms : Gardenia lucida Roxb.
  • Common Name : King of the Day, Dikamali, Malan, Brilliant Gardenia, Cambi Resin Tree, White Emetic Nut
  • Plant Family : Rubiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 12, 18, 22
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Gardenia resinifera Plant :

  • Habit : A small deciduous tree.
  • Leaves : Elliptic-oblong, obtuse, narrowed into the petiole at the base, dark green above, paler beneath, stipules axillary, large, ovate, acute.
  • Inflorescence : Solitary axillary.
  • Flowers :
    • Large, white, turning to yellow when old, fragrant.
    • Calyx 5-lobed, Corolla tube long, slender, lobes 5, obovate, obtuse, spreading, veined.
    • Stamens 5, anthers sessile.
    • Ovary with 2, parietal placentas, stigma entire.
  • Fruit : Ellipsoid, crowned with the calyx lobes.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July - September
  • Significance :
    • Cultivated in the gardens for its very fragrant white flowers open in the evening, soon turn from white to yellow.
    • The gum-resin in called "Dikamali" which is hot, pungent, increases appetite, relieves pain of bowels and bronchitis.
    • Used in constipation also hysteria, flatulent dyspepsia due to teething in children.