Phoenix sylvestris

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb.
  • Synonyms : Elate sylvestris L.
  • Common Name : Wild Date Palm, Date-Sugar Palm, Indian Wild Date, Khajuri
  • Plant Family : Arecaceae (Palmae)
  • According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Palmae became Arecaceae. However, the name Palmae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 5, 8, 15, 17, 22, 24, 27, 29
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Basan, Aranya Van

About Phoenix sylvestris Plant :

  • Habit : A large tree with stems 2.5-6.5 m high, rarely much shorter.
  • Leaves : Rather short, leaflets vary, quadrifariously inserted, equidistant, linear-lanceolate, pungent, coriaceous concave, spreading at right angles, bright green.
  • Inflorescence and Flowers :
    • Spadix.
    • Spathes 20-35 cm long, keel furfuraceous.
    • Peduncle stout, rachis flattened, branches of male 10-15 cm long, of female longer.
    • Male flowers with stamens 6, anthers subsessile, linear, female spadix long peduncled, peduncle 2.5cm broad, flattened, braches 15-25 cm long, divergent in fruit.
    • Female flowers scattered, globose, calyx cup-shaped, petals orbicular.
  • Fruits : Obovoid-oblong, apiculate, red, at length violet-blue, seed nearly as long with the groove dilating into a canal of various forms.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : January - March
  • Significance : Cultivated for its edible fruits.