Pterocarpus marsupium

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.
  • Common Name : Biyo, Kino Tree
  • Plant Family : Papilionaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Pterocarpus marsupium Plant :

  • Habit : A tall deciduous tree with a crooked stem.
  • Leaves : Imparipinnate, leaflets leathery, oblong, rounded at the apex and then suddenly acuminate, glabrous on both sides.
  • Inflorescence : Lateral and terminal panicles.
  • Flowers : Yellowish, Calyx cup-like, corolla with crisped margin, claw long stamens monadelphous.
  • Fruit :
    • Pods orbicular, thick in the middle (over the seed), the wings thin and strongly nerved.
    • Seed one.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : May - June
  • Significance :
    • The timber is valuable on account of its durability.
    • A gum exuded from the wood is known under the name Kino gum, and is used as a good astringent in cases of diarrhea.