Pterospermum acerifolium

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Pterospermum acerifolium (L.) Willd.
  • Synonyms : Pentapetes acerifolia L.
  • Common Name : Maple-Leaved Bayur Tree, Kanak Champo, Muchh-Kund, Karnikar
  • Plant Family : Sterculiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra

About Pterospermum acerifolium Plant :

  • Habit : A large tree.
  • Leaves : Variable in shape and size, 10-14 by 6-12 inches, orbicular or oblong, entire or variously lobed, cordate and sub-peltate, glabrous above but white hairs below, petioles long, stipules multifid, caducous.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary solitary or in pairs.
  • Flowers :
    • Large, long, fragrant, white, involucral bracts multifid, caduceus.
    • Sepals long, 5, linear-oblong, hairy.
    • Petals 5, linear oblong, obliquely wedge-shaped.
    • Staminodes 5, club-shaped, fertile stamens 15, in groups of 3 between the staminodes.
    • Ovary oblong, 5-angled, 5-celled, ovules 12-20 in each cell.
  • Fruit : Capsules 4-6 inches long, oblong, 5-angled, brown hairy.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : January - April
  • Significance :
    • The leaves are used by the hill people to stop bleeding and also for packing.
    • The wood is used for making packing and in furniture making as it takes good polish.
    • The cut branches and sepals exude mucilage when put into water.
    • The sepals are used in medicines.
    • Planted for its beautiful appearance in the gardens.