Salvadora persica

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Salvadora persica L.
  • Common Name : Tooth Brush Tree, Mustard Tree, Salt Brush, Meswak, Piludi, Khari Jar
  • Plant Family : Salvadoraceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 4, 10, 22, 30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Aranya Van

About Salvadora persica Plant :

  • Habit : A large shrub or a small tree with drooping branches.
  • Leaves : Somewhat brittle, glaucous, ovate to broadly ovate, acute or rounded at the apex, petiolate.
  • Inflorescence : Compound terminal and axillary panicles.
  • Flowers : Yellowish in colour. Calyx minute, Corolla 4 mm long.
  • Fruit : A drupe, red when ripe.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : October onwards.
  • Significance :
    • Root-bark is remarkably acrid.
    • Applied to the skin it acts as external stimulant, sometimes it raises blisters.
    • Stem-bark is warm and acrid and is given in decoction in low fever and as a stimulant and tonic in amenorrhoea.
    • Shoots and leaves are given as antidote to all poisons.
    • Leaf-juice is given in scurvy. Leaves are used as an external application in rheumatism.
    • Fruits are deobstrument, carminative and diuretic.