Saraca asoca

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Willd.
  • Synonyms : Jonesia asoca Roxb.
  • Common Name : Ashok Tree, Sita Ashok, Sorrow Less Tree
  • Plant Family : Caesalpiniaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 28
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Punit Van, Van Chetana Kendra

About Saraca asoca Plant :

  • Habit : A small evergreen tree.
  • Leaves : Paripinnate, drooing, leaflets 4-6 pairs, opposite, oblong-lanceolate, acute, base rounded, stipules intrapetiolar, young leaves red in colour, thin and flaccid and hairy, vertically down.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary corymbs.
  • Flowers :
    • Fragrant, pedicellate, pedicels red, bracteates, bracts red, ovate, bracteoles two, also red.
    • Calyx petaloid, tubular, changing from yellow to orange and red, segments 4, imbricate.
    • Petals absent.
    • Stamens 7-8, much exserted, anthers purple, versatile.
    • Ovary hairy, style curved, long, stigma capitate.
  • Fruit : Pod linear-oblong, compressed, 4-8 seeded.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : January - May
  • Significance :
    • It is one of the sacred trees of Hindus and worshipped on the 13th day of the month of Chaitra.
    • The tree is very handsome on account of the beauty and perfume of its flowers.
    • The tree is the symbol of love and is dedicated to kama. It is under this tree, that Gautam Buddha was born.
    • The bark decoction is much used in uterine affections and especially in menorrhagia.