Semecarpus anacardium

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Semecarpus anacardium L.
  • Common Name : Marking Nut Tree, Bibba, Bhilava, Oriental Cashew Nut, Varnish Tree
  • Plant Family : Anacardiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan

About Semecarpus anacardium Plant :

  • Habit : A small tree.
  • Leaves : Obovate-oblong, rounded at apex, coriaceous, glabrous above, buff hairy below, margins cartilaginous, base cordate, nerves prominent on both sides.
  • Inflorescence : Panicles.
  • Flowers :
    • Greenish white, fascicled in hairy panicles, female panicles shorter than male.
    • Calyx 5-6 fid.
    • Petals 5-6, inserted at the base of disk, broad ovate.
    • Ovary superior, 1-celled, hairy with 3 styles.
  • Fruit : Drupe obliquely ovoid or oblong, black, seated on a fleshy disk and receptacle.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : May - July
  • Significance :
    • The juice of the pericarp being used for marking cotton cloths by washermen.
    • The receptacle of the fruit is edible, sweet, tonic and aphrodisiac.
    • The seed-oil is specific in acute rheumatism.