Thespesia populnea

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Thespesia populnea (L.) Soland ex. Corr.
  • Synonyms : Hibiscus populneus L.
  • Common Name : Paras Pipado, Indian Tulip Tree, Aden apple, Portia Tree, Paras Bhendi
  • Plant Family : Malvaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1-4, 7, 10, 17, 22, 24, 26-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Van Chetana Kendra

About Thespesia populnea Plant :

  • Habit : A medium-sized tree with a spreading crown of branches.
  • Leaves :
    • Smooth, somewhat similar to those of the Pipal tree, broadly ovate, cordate, acuminate entire, 5- nerved, often with a glandular pore in one or more of the intercostal spaces below.
    • Stipules triangular, deciduous.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers large, at first yellow with a purple spot on the inner side near the base, at maturity the flowers turn pinkish red, the spot becoming almost black.
    • Calyx copular, truncate.
    • Corolla large, yellow with purple base.
    • Staminal tube toothed at the apex.
    • Ovary half-5 celled, style club-shaped at the apex, 5-furrowed.
  • Fruit : Capsules, globose, covered with minute peltate scales, surrounded at the base by persistent calyx.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Almost throughout the year, particularly at the beginning of the cold season.
  • Significance :
    • A road-side tree or wild.
    • The juice of the fruit is used in skin diseases.
    • The leaves are employed as application to swollen joints.