Trema orientalis

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
  • Synonyms : Celtis orientalis L.
  • Common Name : Indian Charcoal Tree, Indian Nettle, Oriental Nettle, Pigeon wood, Poison Peach, Popti
  • Plant Family : Cannabaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Trema orientalis Plant :

  • Habit : A dioecious, evergreen tree with branches spreading pubescent, bark grey, soft rough, lenticellate.
  • Leaves : Ovate-lanceolate, acuminate at apex, rounded or obliquely cordate at base, crenate-serrate along the margins, hispid above, white tomentose beneath, petiolate, petioles pubescent, terete ventrally grooved, stipules deciduous.
  • Inflorescence :
    • Axillary, pubescent fascicled cymes, sometimes dichotomously branched cymes and longer than petioles.
    • Male cymes more compact than females and usually on different trees.
  • Flowers :
    • Sepals 2-3 mm long, elliptic-lanceolate.
    • Stamens 5, stigmas villous, reflexed in fruits.
  • Fruits :
    • Drupes ovoid or sub-globose smooth, purplish-black when ripe, crowned with reflexed cymes.
    • Seeds minute with membranous testa.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - January
  • Significance :
    • In old days the timber was used for making gun powder charcoal and as fuel.
    • The plant is used in epilepsy.