Bambusa tuldoides

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Bambusa tuldoides Munro
  • Synonyms : Bambusa ventricosa McClure
  • Common Name : Buddha Bamboo, Buddha's-Belly Bamboo
  • Common Name Details :

    It is given this name especially because of its remarkable swollen nodes.

  • Plant Family : Poaceae (Gramineae)
  • Plant Form : Grasses
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 28
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park

About Bambusa tuldoides Plant :

  • Habit :
    • An evergreen, perennial bamboo with stems dark green or with yellow stripes and branched.
    • Culms basally flexuose, apically slightly drooping, internodes basally slightly swollen at the base, lower nodes with short aerial roots.
    • Culm sheaths decicuous.
  • Leaves :
    • Simple, linear, found in groups, whorled.
    • Leaf sheath glabrous, ligule subtruncate, very short, auricles ovate falcate, blade linear-lanceolate.
  • Inflorescence and Flowers :
    • Compressed spikelets, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, 2-keeled, apex obtuse, gemmiferous bracts 1 or 2, narrowly ovate, apex acute, florets 6-8, basal, 1 or 2 and apical 2 or 3 usually sterile, rachilla segments flat, apex inflated and copular.
    • Glumes absent or 1, ovate-elliptic, apex acute, lemma ovate-elliptic, glabrous, palea nearly as long as lemma, ciliolate near apex, 4-veined between and on either side of keels, apex acuminate with a cluster of white hairs, lodicules 3, margins long ciliate, anterior 2 slightly asymmetrical, posterior broadly elliptic.
    • Filaments slender, anthers yellow, apex obtuse.
    • Ovary broadly ovoid, stalked, apex thickened and hairy, style very short, hairy stigmas 3.
  • Fruit : Not known.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : October
  • Significance :
    • The species is widely cultivated for the bulbous and ornamental culms.
    • It is also used in bonsai.