Eleusine indica

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
  • Synonyms : Cynosurus indicus L.
  • Common Name : Andhannagli, Ukdo, Indian Crowfoot Grass, Indian Goose Grass, Wire Grass
  • Plant Family : Poaceae (Gramineae)
  • According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Gramineae became Poaceae. However, the name Gramineae is also exempted and conserved under 'NominaConservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Grasses
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 6, 11, 16, 27, 28
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Eleusine indica Plant :

  • Habit : Annual, erect, stem 30-60 cm high, tufted, slightly compressed, glabrous, roots of strong fibres.
  • Leaves : Distichous, flat or folded, as long as the stem, linear, glabrous or sparsely hairy, with nearly smooth margins; sheaths compressed; ligule a thin slightly hairy membrane.
  • Inflorescence : Spikes2-7 or more, 5-12.5 cm long, with sometimes one or two detached spikes below the umbel, digitate, suberect, rachis flattened.
  • Flowers : Spikelets pointing forward at an acute angle with the rachis of the spike, variable in size, 3-6 flowered, glabrous. Involucral glume unequal, membranous; lower ovate-oblong, acute, 1-nerved, upper ovate-oblong, subacute, very shortly apiculate with 3-7 green nerves, floral glumes gibbously ovate-oblong, obtuse, 0.3 cm long; palea shorter than the glume, oblong-lanceolate, subacute.Anthers 0.08 cm long.
  • Fruit : Grain oblong, obtusely trigonous, obliquely striate, reddish-brown.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July-January
  • Significance :
    • It is an esteemed grass.
    • The seeds are used as food in times of scarcity.
    • The culms are used for making hats.