Boerhavia diffusa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Boerhavia diffusa L.
  • Common Name : Spreading Hogweed, Satodi
  • Plant Family : Nyctaginaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Aranya Van, Basan

About Boerhavia diffusa Plant :

  • Habit : A creeping, perennial, much-branched herb with stout fusiform roots.
  • Stem : Branches divaricate, stem puurrplish, thickened at nodes.
  • Leaves : Opposite, oblique, ovate or suborbicular, rounded, entire, margins slightly pinkish, wavy, lower surface with small, white scales, base rounded.
  • Inflorescence: Small umbels forming Corymbose, axillary and terminal panicles.
  • Flowers :
    • Bracteoles lanceolate, acute. Perianth-tube constricted above the ovary, limb funnel-shaped, dark-pink, with 5 vertical bands outside.
    • Stamens 2 or 3, slightly exserted, unequal.
    • Ovary superior, oblique, ovule 1, erect, stigma peltate.
  • Fruit : Achene rounded, 6-ribbed.
  • Seeds : Minute, albuminous with perisperm. Embryo curved.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : September-December
  • Significance :
    • Normally found as a weed.
    • The leaves are used in ophthalmia and for eye wounds, muscular pain and purify the blood and hasten delivery and good for dropsy.
    • The roots are considered laxative and diuretic. It is also used in asthma.