Euphorbia hirta

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Euphorbia hirta L.
  • Synonyms : Euphorbia pilulifera L.
  • Common Name : Rati-Dudheli, Nagala-Dudheli, Moti Dudheli, Asthma Weed, Common Spurge
  • Plant Family : Euphorbiaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 1-30
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Sarita Udyan

About Euphorbia hirta Plant :

  • Habit : Suberect or procumbent herbs, simple or branched with stems and branches yellowish or reddish, pilose, more or less flexuose, faintly striate, somewhat woody at the base, slightly thickened at the nodes.
  • Leaves : Elliptic, ovate, oblong-lanceolate or rhomboid-oblong, acute or sub-acute at apex, obliquely rounded at base, minutely toothed along the margins, green, at times purplish on lower surface and with black spots on upper surface, appressedly hairy, stipules green or purplish, minutely toothed, petioles terete, hairy.
  • Inflorescence and Flowers : Greenish-yellow or at times pinkish-purple, axillary, solitary, peduncles hairy, glands 4-6, reddish, minute, with or without a minute petaloid limb, erect.
  • Fruits : Capsules hairy, trilobed. Seeds reddish-brown, obtusely ovoid-trigonous, faintly transversely rugose.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Almost throughout the year.
  • Significance :
    • Common as a weed everywhere.
    • It is known to be useful in Asthma.