Euphorbia serpens

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Euphorbia serpens Kunth
  • The generic name is said to be given in the honour of Euphorbus, a physician to King Juba of Mawitania.

  • Synonyms : Euphorbia orbiculata var. jawaharii Rajagopal & Panigrahi
  • Common Name : Matted Sandmat, Roundleaf Spurge
  • Plant Family : Euphorbiaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Euphorbia serpens Plant :

  • Habit :
    • An annual, almost glabrous with stems numerous spreading from the root.
    • Whitish, slender, leafy, glabrous, brittle, dichotomously branched.
  • Leaves : Opposite, coriaceous, obliquely oblong, rounded-oblong or sub-quadrate, rounded, sun-truncate or retuse at the apex, usually entire, often with pink margins.
  • Inflorescence : Solitary Axillary.
  • Flowers : Broadly campanulate, glabrous, lobes triangular, apiculate gland very shortly stipitate with a small limb.
  • Fruit :
    • Capsules glabrous, keeled, styles short, deeply bifid.
    • Seeds obtusely quadrangular, very bluntly pointed, yellowish-brown, smooth, mucous when wetted.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : June - March
  • Significance : Found as a weed plant.