Leucas aspera

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link
  • Synonyms : Phlomis aspera Willd.
  • Common Name : Tamba, Kubo, Common Leucas
  • Plant Family : Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
  • According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Thus the new name for the family Labiatae became Lamiaceae. However, the name Labiatae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time.

  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Punit Van, Sarita Udyan

About Leucas aspera Plant :

  • Habit : An annual herb with square stem.
  • Leaves : Opposite, linear-oblong or oblong lanceolate, obtuse, entire or crinate, sub-sessile.
  • Inflorescence : Terminal and axillary whorls.
  • Flowers :
    • Sessile, bracteate, bracts linear, ciliate with long hairs.
    • Calyx tubular, curved, hairy, mouth small, oblique, teeth small, the upper the largest.
    • Corolla white, bilabiate, densely-white woolly, lower tip twice as long, the middle lobe obovate, rounded.
    • Stamens 4, didynamous.
    • Ovary 4-lobed, style gynobasic, stigma bifid.
  • Fruit : Nutlets 4, oblong, smooth, brown, inner face sharply angular, the dorsal face rounded.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July-October
  • Significance :
    • The plant is fragrant and used as a pot-herb.
    • It is eaten in times of scarcity.
    • It is commonly used as an anti-pyretic.
    • The juice of the leaves is used as an external application for psoriasis, chronic skin eruptions and painful swellings.