Phyla nodiflora

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
  • Synonyms : Lippa nodiflora (L.) Michx
  • Common Name : Frog Fruit, Turkey Tangle, Creeping Lip Plant, Jalbuti, Ratoliya
  • Plant Family : Verbenaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Phyla nodiflora Plant :

  • Habit : A small, perennial herb with stems creeping and rooting at nodes, more or less square and hairy.
  • Leaves : Small, opposite, spathulate, base cuneate, apex rounded, upper part deeply serrate, hairy.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary globose heads which later on elongate and become spicate.
  • Flowers :
    • Closed, bracteates, bracts elliptic or obovate.
    • Calyx deeply bilabiate, compressed, hairy.
    • Corolla white pale-blue, bilabiate, upper lip erect, bifid, the lower 3-lobed, the central lobe the largest. Stamens 4, didynamous, included.
    • Ovary 2-celled, ovules 2, stigma oblique. 
  • Fruits : Drupe dry, splitting into 2, 1-seeded pyrenes.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : Throughout the year.
  • Significance : Generally found near moist places and river beds.