Portulaca oleracea

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Portulaca oleracea L.
  • Common Name : Purslane, Ghol, Motiluni-ni-Bhaji
  • Plant Family : Portulacaceae
  • Plant Form : Herb
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Portulaca oleracea Plant :

  • Habit : An annual succulent, prostrate herb with stem reddish, swollen at nodes.
  • Leaves : Fleshy, subsessile, alternate, or subopposite, triangular, rounded and truncate at the apex, margins reddish stipules absent.
  • Flowers :
    • Yellow coloured, few together, in sessile terminal heads, opening only in the sunny mornings, close by noon.
    • Sepals 2, unequal, obtuse.
    • Petals 5, obovate.
    • Stamens 8-12, inserted at the base of the petals.
    • Ovary ovoid, half-inferior, 1-ccelled, ovules many, style 3-5 or 8-partite.
  • Fruit : Pyxis or pyxidium, dehisces transversely, seeds many and black.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : September - December
  • Significance :
    • Normally grown as an ornamental plant.
    • The leaves are used as a potherb.
    • The leaves are also known to be used in bilious conditions and low fever, ally thrust and headache.