Commiphora wightii

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari
  • Common Name : Gugal
  • Plant Family : Burseraceae
  • Plant Form : Shrub
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park, Basan

About Commiphora wightii Plant :

  • Habit : 4-6 feet high, young parts glandular-pubescent, branches knotty and crooked, divaricate, usually ending in a sharp spine.
  • Leaves : 1-3 foliolate, leaflets subsessile, rhomboid-ovate, serrate-toothed in the upper part, smooth and shining the lateral leaflets when present less than half the size of the terminal ones.
  • Flowers :
    • Flowers in fascicles of 2-3, pedicels very short.
    • Calyx campanulate, glandular-hairy; lobes 4-5, triangular, as long as the tube.
    • Petals brownish-red, broadly linear, nearly thrice the length of the calyx, reflexed at the apex. Stamens 8-10, alternately long and short, half the length of the petals.
    • Disk 8-10-lobed, the alternate sinuses deeper and in these are inserted the shorter stamens.
    • Ovary oblong-ovoid, attenuated into the style.
  • Fruit : Drupes red when ripe, ovoid, acute, epicarp 4-valved, pyrenes ovate, acute, readily splitting into 2.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : March - April
  • Significance :
    • The gum-resin known as Gugal or Indian Bdellium is obtained from the plant.
    • It is extensively used in native medicine.