Bridelia retusa

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Bridelia retusa (L.) A. Juss.
  • Synonyms : Cluytia retusa L.
  • Common Name : Asan, Akalkanto, Monj
  • Plant Family : Euphorbiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Ayurvedic Udyan

About Bridelia retusa Plant :

  • Habit : A deciduous tree with straight trunk, 4-8 m high.
  • Stem : 15-20 cm in diameter, greyish; brances drooping, glabrous or minutely hairy n younger parts, densely armed with straight, hard, cone-shaped thorns; brak grey, smooth.
  • Leaves : Elliptic, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, acute or shortly acuminate apex, subacute or rounded at base, entire along the margins, coriaceous, dull to dark-green, glabrous and shining above, paler and finely tomentose below, petiolesterete, pubescent.
  • Flowers :
    • Creamy-white or pinkish, in terminal spicate panicles which are 6-16 cm long, clothed with grey hairs; male flowers more than the females; bracts minute, obtuse, hairy.
    • Calyx 4 mm in diameter, glabrous or slightly pubescent, persistent; segments ovate, acute.
  • Fruit : Drupes 5-10 mm in diameter, ovoid, grooved, bilobed, 2-seeded, often 4-seeded, shining, smooth, dark purple at first, almost black later, seeds very small, greyish-green, wrinkled.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July - September
  • Significance :
    • Hard wood is used to make implements for farming.
    • The bark is used for tanning and as a liniment with gingelly oil in rheumatism.
    • The ripe fruit is edible.
    • The leaves are used as cattle-fodder.
    • The roots and bark are astringent.