Butea monosperma

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.
  • Synonyms : Erythrina monosperma Lamk., Butea frondosa Koenig ex Roxb.
  • Common Name : Khakhro, Palash, Flame of the Forest
  • Plant Family : Papilionaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Sectors) : 6, 11, 12, 23, 28
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Basan

About Butea monosperma Plant :

  • Habit : An erect deciduous tree with young parts hairy.
  • Bark : Light brown or greyish.         
  • Leaves : Tri-foliate, leaflets coriaceous, roundish-ovate, leathery in texture.
  • Flowers :
    • In big racemes, orange-red, bracts and bracteoles small, calyx campanulate, silky hairy outside, velvety inside, petals equal, silky hairy, keel semicircular, beaked.Stamens 10, diadelphous.
    • Ovary stalked, style incurved.
  • Fruit : Pods thin, downy bright 1-2 seeded.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : February-March
  • Significance :
    • Used for road-side plantation.
    • Leaves serve as plates for domestic purposes.
    • Flowers yield a yellow dye and hence are also used in the festival of Holi.
    • A gum exudates from the tree and is used in medicine as powerful astringent that is given in diarrhea and dysentery.
    • Seeds are antihelmintic.