Caesalpinia ferrea

(Click image to Enlarge)

Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Caesalpinia ferrea C. Mart.
  • Synonyms : Caesalpinia ferrea var. cearensis Huber
  • Common Name : Brazilian Ironwood, Leopard Tree
  • Common Name Details :

    The plant derives its common name 'Leopard tree' from the pattern developed by the flaking bark.

  • Plant Family : Caesalpiniaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park

About Caesalpinia ferrea Plant :

  • Habit : A medium-sized, deciduous tree with drooping branches.
  • Stem : Bark smooth, shades of brownish-grey with peeling revealing inner, off-white or light creamy uneven patches.
  • Leaves : Bipinnate with 2-4 pairs of pinnae each with 3-4 pairs of leaflets and a terminal pinnule with 2 pairs of leaflets.
  • Flowers : Small, fragrant yellow with standard petal spotted with red.
  • Fruit : Pods short, thick.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : August - September
  • Significance : Ornamental tree with excellent beauty due to feathery, lush green foliage and bark.