Ficus racemosa

(Click image to Enlarge)

Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Ficus racemosa L.
  • Synonyms : Ficus glomerata Roxb.
  • Common Name : Cluster Fig, Goolar, Umardo
  • Plant Family : Moraceae
  • Earlier this plant was placed in family Urticaceae but according to the modern views it should be placed in a separate family Moraceae which is separated from family Urticaceae.

  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Punit Van, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Ficus racemosa Plant :

  • Habit : A large tree with smooth, grey bark, aerial roots none or few.
  • Leaves : Ovate-elliptic to oblong-elliptic, entire, glabrous, stipules 2, imbricate, pubescent, linear-deltoid, deciduous.
  • Inflorescence : Hypanthodium, globose to pyriform, pubescent, peduncled, androgynous solitary or binate, borne on the short, leafless scallybranchlets, from the trunk or larger branches, basal bracts 3, borne at the apex of the peduncle.
  • Flowers :
    • Staminate florets sessile, few diandrous, situated near the mouth of the receptacles.
    • Gall flowers long stalked.
    • Pistillate florets numerous, subsessile, smaller than the staminate florets.
  • Fruit : Synconusorange-red to red, fleshy.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : November-January
  • Significance :
    • All parts are cooling, sweet, acrid, vulnerary, anti-dysentric, useful in cough, biliousness, diseases of the vagina.
    • The root is useful in hydrophobia.
    • The bark is cooling, acrid, galactagogue, good for the gravid uterus.
    • The unripe fruit is acid, astringent to bowels, tonic, stypic, allays thrist, useful in coughs, biliousness, leucorrhoea, and blood diseases.