Haldina cordifolia

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Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani

  • Botanical Name : Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsdale
  • Synonyms : Adina cordifolia (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex B.D. Jacks.
  • Common Name : Haldu, Haldavan
  • Plant Family : Rubiaceae
  • Plant Form : Tree
  • Occurrence (Special Areas) : Ayurvedic Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra

About Haldina cordifolia Plant :

  • Habit : A medium sized deciduoustree having a large crown, with grey or light-black, longitudinally fissured bark.
  • Leaves : Broadly ovate to sub-orbicular, appressed-pubescent beneath, it has opposite, large decicuous stipules at the leaf base.
  • Inflorescence : Axillary head.
  • Flowers : Flowers tiny yellow in globose, axillary heads.
  • Fruits : Capsule 0.4-0.6 cm long, obconical, pubescent.
  • Seeds : About 6 in each coccus, oblong, brown, minutely hairy, winged.
  • Flowering and Fruiting Time : July - December, October - March.
  • Significance :
    • The bark of the tree yields a yellow dye, which was used for dyeing wool and linen.
    • The tree provides good timber and the wood is used in furniture, buildings, agricultural implements, tturnery, bobbins etc. It is also very good timber for flooring and paneling.
    • The bark is used as an antiseptic.
    • The roots are used as astringent in dysentery.
    • The tree has a religious significance in Hindu marriage rituals.
    • It is excellent for bobbins and suitable for battery separators.